ESP32 and ADXL345 sensor example

The ADXL345 is a small, thin, low power, 3-axis accelerometer with high resolution (13-bit) measurement at up to ±16g. Digital output data is formatted as 16-bit twos complement and is accessible through either a SPI (3- or 4-wire) or I2C digital interface.

The ADXL345 is well suited for mobile device applications. It measures the static acceleration of gravity in tilt-sensing applications, as well as dynamic acceleration resulting from motion or shock. Its high resolution (4 mg/LSB) enables measurement of inclination changes less than 1.0°.

Several special sensing functions are provided. Activity and inactivity sensing detect the presence or lack of motion and if the acceleration on any axis exceeds a user-set level. Tap sensing detects single and double taps. Free-fall sensing detects if the device is falling. These functions can be mapped to one of two interrupt output pins. An integrated, patent pending 32-level first in, first out (FIFO) buffer can be used to store data to minimize host processor intervention.

adxl345 module
adxl345 module

Connection and layout

I used the following connection from the module above to my Wemos Mini

LOLIN32 Connection Module Connection
3v3 VCC
Gnd Gnd
SDA 21 SDA
SCL 22 SCL

Here is a layout for reference

lolin32 and adxl345
lolin32 and adxl345

Code

This needs the Adafruit library – https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_ADXL345

This is just the sensor test code from the library above

#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include <Adafruit_ADXL345_U.h>

/* Assign a unique ID to this sensor at the same time */
Adafruit_ADXL345_Unified accel = Adafruit_ADXL345_Unified(12345);

void displaySensorDetails(void)
{
sensor_t sensor;
accel.getSensor(&sensor);
Serial.println("------------------------------------");
Serial.print ("Sensor: "); Serial.println(sensor.name);
Serial.print ("Driver Ver: "); Serial.println(sensor.version);
Serial.print ("Unique ID: "); Serial.println(sensor.sensor_id);
Serial.print ("Max Value: "); Serial.print(sensor.max_value); Serial.println(" m/s^2");
Serial.print ("Min Value: "); Serial.print(sensor.min_value); Serial.println(" m/s^2");
Serial.print ("Resolution: "); Serial.print(sensor.resolution); Serial.println(" m/s^2");
Serial.println("------------------------------------");
Serial.println("");
delay(500);
}

void displayDataRate(void)
{
Serial.print ("Data Rate: ");

switch(accel.getDataRate())
{
case ADXL345_DATARATE_3200_HZ:
Serial.print ("3200 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_1600_HZ:
Serial.print ("1600 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_800_HZ:
Serial.print ("800 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_400_HZ:
Serial.print ("400 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_200_HZ:
Serial.print ("200 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_100_HZ:
Serial.print ("100 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_50_HZ:
Serial.print ("50 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_25_HZ:
Serial.print ("25 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_12_5_HZ:
Serial.print ("12.5 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_6_25HZ:
Serial.print ("6.25 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_3_13_HZ:
Serial.print ("3.13 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_1_56_HZ:
Serial.print ("1.56 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_0_78_HZ:
Serial.print ("0.78 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_0_39_HZ:
Serial.print ("0.39 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_0_20_HZ:
Serial.print ("0.20 ");
break;
case ADXL345_DATARATE_0_10_HZ:
Serial.print ("0.10 ");
break;
default:
Serial.print ("???? ");
break;
}
Serial.println(" Hz");
}

void displayRange(void)
{
Serial.print ("Range: +/- ");

switch(accel.getRange())
{
case ADXL345_RANGE_16_G:
Serial.print ("16 ");
break;
case ADXL345_RANGE_8_G:
Serial.print ("8 ");
break;
case ADXL345_RANGE_4_G:
Serial.print ("4 ");
break;
case ADXL345_RANGE_2_G:
Serial.print ("2 ");
break;
default:
Serial.print ("?? ");
break;
}
Serial.println(" g");
}

void setup(void)
{
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println("Accelerometer Test"); Serial.println("");

/* Initialise the sensor */
if(!accel.begin())
{
/* There was a problem detecting the ADXL345 ... check your connections */
Serial.println("Ooops, no ADXL345 detected ... Check your wiring!");
while(1);
}

/* Set the range to whatever is appropriate for your project */
accel.setRange(ADXL345_RANGE_16_G);
// displaySetRange(ADXL345_RANGE_8_G);
// displaySetRange(ADXL345_RANGE_4_G);
// displaySetRange(ADXL345_RANGE_2_G);

/* Display some basic information on this sensor */
displaySensorDetails();

/* Display additional settings (outside the scope of sensor_t) */
displayDataRate();
displayRange();
Serial.println("");
}

void loop(void)
{
/* Get a new sensor event */
sensors_event_t event;
accel.getEvent(&event);

/* Display the results (acceleration is measured in m/s^2) */
Serial.print("X: "); Serial.print(event.acceleration.x); Serial.print(" ");
Serial.print("Y: "); Serial.print(event.acceleration.y); Serial.print(" ");
Serial.print("Z: "); Serial.print(event.acceleration.z); Serial.print(" ");Serial.println("m/s^2 ");
delay(500);
}

 

Output

Open the serial monitor and you should get something like this

X: 4.55 Y: -0.90 Z: -6.67 m/s^2
X: -9.30 Y: 3.96 Z: -4.55 m/s^2
X: -10.43 Y: 2.47 Z: 5.92 m/s^2
X: -1.69 Y: 2.04 Z: -9.96 m/s^2
X: -2.59 Y: 7.96 Z: -4.20 m/s^2
X: -14.20 Y: 6.71 Z: -2.16 m/s^2
X: 3.30 Y: -2.90 Z: -8.04 m/s^2
X: 4.43 Y: -0.16 Z: -8.47 m/s^2
X: 1.45 Y: -2.63 Z: 15.38 m/s^2

Links

AliExpress.com Product – Free shipping GY-291 ADXL345 digital three-axis acceleration of gravity tilt module IIC / SPI transmission