Home » MAX30102 pulse oximetry and heart-rate monitor sensor and ESP32

MAX30102 pulse oximetry and heart-rate monitor sensor and ESP32

by shedboy71

The MAX30102 is an integrated pulse oximetry and heart-rate monitor biosensor module. It includes internal LEDs, photodetectors, optical elements, and low-noise electronics with ambient light rejection. The MAX30102 provides a complete system solution to ease the design-in process for mobile and wearable devices.

The MAX30102 operates on a single 1.8V power supply and a separate 5.0V power supply for the internal LEDs. Communication is through a standard I2C-compatible interface. The module can be shut down through software with zero standby current, allowing the power rails to remain powered at all times.

Key Features

Heart-Rate Monitor and Pulse Oximeter Biosensor in LED Reflective Solution
Tiny 5.6mm x 3.3mm x 1.55mm 14-Pin Optical Module
Integrated Cover Glass for Optimal, Robust Performance
Ultra-Low Power Operation for Mobile Devices
Programmable Sample Rate and LED Current for Power Savings
Low-Power Heart-Rate Monitor (< 1mW)
Ultra-Low Shutdown Current (0.7µA, typ)
Fast Data Output Capability
High Sample Rates
Robust Motion Artifact Resilience
High SNR
-40°C to +85°C Operating Temperature Range


Parts Required

Here are the parts I used

you can connect to the sensor using a standard header the classic dupont style jumper wire.

Name Link
Connecting cables




esp32 and max30102

esp32 and max30102


Again we use a library and again its an sparkfun one – https://github.com/sparkfun/SparkFun_MAX3010x_Sensor_Library

#include <Wire.h>
#include "MAX30105.h"

#include "heartRate.h"

MAX30105 particleSensor;

const byte RATE_SIZE = 4; //Increase this for more averaging. 4 is good.
byte rates[RATE_SIZE]; //Array of heart rates
byte rateSpot = 0;
long lastBeat = 0; //Time at which the last beat occurred

float beatsPerMinute;
int beatAvg;

void setup()

// Initialize sensor
if (!particleSensor.begin(Wire, I2C_SPEED_FAST)) //Use default I2C port, 400kHz speed
Serial.println("MAX30105 was not found. Please check wiring/power. ");
while (1);
Serial.println("Place your index finger on the sensor with steady pressure.");

particleSensor.setup(); //Configure sensor with default settings
particleSensor.setPulseAmplitudeRed(0x0A); //Turn Red LED to low to indicate sensor is running
particleSensor.setPulseAmplitudeGreen(0); //Turn off Green LED

void loop()
long irValue = particleSensor.getIR();

if (checkForBeat(irValue) == true)
//We sensed a beat!
long delta = millis() - lastBeat;
lastBeat = millis();

beatsPerMinute = 60 / (delta / 1000.0);

if (beatsPerMinute < 255 && beatsPerMinute > 20)
rates[rateSpot++] = (byte)beatsPerMinute; //Store this reading in the array
rateSpot %= RATE_SIZE; //Wrap variable

//Take average of readings
beatAvg = 0;
for (byte x = 0 ; x < RATE_SIZE ; x++)
beatAvg += rates[x];
beatAvg /= RATE_SIZE;

Serial.print(", BPM=");
Serial.print(", Avg BPM=");

if (irValue < 50000)
Serial.print(" No finger?");




Open the serial monitor – this is what I saw, it took a little bit of time for the readings to appear

IR=111297, BPM=32.68, Avg BPM=64
IR=111451, BPM=32.68, Avg BPM=64
IR=111519, BPM=32.68, Avg BPM=64
IR=111557, BPM=85.35, Avg BPM=66
IR=111449, BPM=85.35, Avg BPM=66
IR=111513, BPM=85.35, Avg BPM=66
IR=111478, BPM=85.35, Avg BPM=66




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